Fintechpolicy.org Resource Center
Written Features from the Experts
The Federal Reserve’s Chair, Jerome Powell has hinted at using an Ethereum-based interest reference rate in a transition from the London Interbank Offered Rate (Libor). Powell also detailed in a letter to Senator Tom Cotton (R-AR), that the Ethereum version of Libor, a software called “Ameribor” may not be for everyone. The United States Federal … Read more
China’s Big Lenders and Fintech Firms to Distribute Virtual Yuan Tokens, which will be Highly Traceable, Potentially Amplifying Government’s Power: Report
Andy Mukherjee argues in a recently published Op-Ed in the Washington Post that the virtual yuan could potentially transform “the relationship between money, economic power, and geopolitical clout.” The digital renminbi has been under development since 2014. Its top-level design was recently finalized and its pilot has been launched in several major Chinese cities. Mukherjee … Read more
On Wednesday, 50 bitcoin mined on February 9, 2009, was moved from the original address to a new address. The movement of coins caused a great commotion throughout the cryptocurrency community, as some individuals assumed it may have been the mysterious Satoshi Nakamoto. However, skeptics believe that even though the coins stemmed from an address … Read more
By Chris Brummer* China tracks individuals without their permission. And the United States won’t do so at all. The question, increasingly, is whether there’s something in between. The objections to China’s approach are pretty obvious. The crisis offers an opportunity for the country’s leaders seeking to extend the authority of China’s Communist Party … Read more
Many crypto analysts have criticized the whitepaper for Binance’s forthcoming ‘Smart Chain’, which was published on April 17. Smart Chain will be Binance’s second smart contract-enabled chain after Binance Chain. It offers the additions of full compatibility with Ethereum (ETH) and a delegated proof-of-stake, or DPoS, governance system with 21 node operators elected by Binance … Read more
Dutch Bitcoin (BTC) savings platform, Bittr, has decided to cease operations ahead of Holland’s introduction of the EU’s AMLD5 anti-money laundering, or AML, regulations. Bittr’s closure follows criticism of the Netherlands’ implementation of AMLD5 — reportedly resulting in crypto firms incurring greater fees than credit card companies and traditional trusts. Dutch AMLD5 Forces Closure of … Read more
Bitcoin is rising so far on Wednesday as stock markets cheer the U.S. Senate’s decision to approve $484 billion in new coronavirus relief. The top cryptocurrency by market value is changing hands near $6,970 at press time, representing a 1.6 percent gain on the day. Prices look to have steadied in the $6,930 to $7,000 … Read more
President Trump’s plan to issue checks to stimulate the US economy amidst the COVID-19 downturn will see almost every American receive a $1200 pay-out. But how many Americans will fail to cash or even receive those checks? And how can the government ensure the money will be put back into the nation’s economy? A central … Read more
Paxful, a peer-to-peer bitcoin exchange, now allows users to transact in gold. CEO Ray Youssef said the new service comes in direct response to user requests, offering a swap option and a transfer procedure. Parties first negotiate terms, including if the gold transfer will happen in person and where. The bitcoin (BTC) holder then sends … Read more
The novel coronavirus sweeping the globe has exposed how vulnerable international supply chains are to disruption. The World Economic Forum has a pitch for how to make them more resilient: blockchains. Covid-19 chaos: Quarantines, lockdowns, and reduced air travel have disrupted normal business operations all over the world and made it difficult for buyers to … Read more
Zoom, the popular-by-necessity video conferencing platform, has seen an explosion in users as the coronavirus pandemic forces people to work from home. In a recent blog post, CEO Eric S. Yua said Zoom now has 200 million users, up from just 10 million last December. But, with that increase in users has come greater scrutiny … Read more
Propetly, a UK-based property investing marketplace, is now seeking to raise a minimum of £225,000 through its equity crowdfunding campaign on Seedrs. The company is now offering 6.97% in equity at a £3,004,320 pre-money valuation. Founded in 2018, Propetly describes itself as a marketplace that… Read More The post Property Investing Marketplace Propetly Now Seeking … Read more
“It’s exactly why bitcoin (BTC) was created,” Michael Novogratz, CEO of the cryptocurrency-focused investment firm Galaxy Digital, told CNBC last week. It’s a common refrain heard these days from bitcoin bulls: The U.S. dollar and other currencies will eventually be debased by the injections of trillions of dollars of coronavirus-related aid and monetary stimulus by governments and … Read more
A French court has decided that bitcoin is money, the first time a court in France has issued such a ruling, according to a report from Recommended for you
According to the Bitcoin Obituary Page, Bitcoin died 379 times between 2010-2019 of an astonishing array of causes. The number is undoubtedly understated since it is based on a limited sample of obituaries. Despite the glee with which the corpses of Bitcoin are contemplated, however, cryptocurrency thrives because it continues to fill the human need … Read more
There has been a rapid escalation of the COVID-19 coronavirus outbreak worldwide. Two major crypto conferences in the US have been affected by the epidemic so far. “Bitcoin 2020”, originally scheduled for March 27 and 28 in San Francisco, has moved to Q3 of 2020. The Chamber of Digital Commerce also postponed next week’s “DC … Read more
MaxDecisions, a Fintech A.I. and machine learning analytics company, has hired Bernard Guerrero as Vice President of Decision Sciences to further expand analytical products and offerings. MaxDecisions is an analytical company utilizing the power of machine learning and artificial intelligence software to assist specialty financing… Read More The post Fintech AI Firm MaxDecisions Hires Bernard … Read more
Facebook CEO Zuckerberg looks to calm ‘tech lash’ with call for government rules on political ads and data
For years, Facebook Inc. lobbied governments against imposing tough regulations, warning in some cases that they could harm the company’s business model. Now, it’s pleading for new rules for the good of its business. “If we don’t create standards that people feel are legitimate, they won’t trust institutions or technology,” Facebook’s Chief Executive Officer Mark Zuckerberg said in an … Read more
Data clearly suggests a link between Bitcoin’s price volatility and global Google searches for the top crypto. Last month, the value of Bitcoin (BTC) nosedived to around the $6,500 mark after having stayed above the $8,000 threshold for a considerable period before that. This downturn showcased Bitcoin’s worst market performance over the past seven months … Read more
While cryptocurrency markets have been moving sideways during the last few weeks, digital currency proponents have been observing large bitcoin whale movements. Transactions with tens of thousands of BTC have been noticed on the move from one wallet to another. On Friday, one colossal BTC holder moved over 50,000 BTC ($410 million) and cycled the … Read more
Utilizing stranded gas to power bitcoin mining rigs at oil and gas wells is a promising business opportunity. It is profitable for all participating parties and beneficial for the environment. Not without challenges, this young industry is growing in energy-rich North America. Several companies are working to expand the niche and U.S.-based EZ Blockchain shared … Read more
With the Supreme Court of India postponing the crypto hearing, the Indian crypto community is calling for better protection when trading on P2P platforms. Several top crypto exchanges in the country have shared their processes and policies they have implemented to protect their P2P platform users. Also read: Indian Supreme Court Wraps up Crypto Hearing … Read more
The CFPB’s Innovation Agenda is Much More than Meets the Eye Eric Goldberg is a Partner at Akerman LLP and former Managing Counsel for Regulations at the CFPB. *This story was originally published for Fintech Policy in January 2019 On December 13th, the CFPB took a substantial step towards improving the regulatory climate for fintech innovation … Read more
A Regulatory Approach for Crypto is Congealing with the Efforts by the EU’s Most Powerful Member-States Jennifer D’hoir is Senior Advisor, Innovation & FinTech at Gide 255, and Katja Langenbucher is a law professor at Sciences Po, in Paris, France Financial innovation has been put under increased regulatory scrutiny, in particular at the EU level since the publication of … Read more
A Paradigm Shift is Coming to Europe’s Oversight of Virtual Currencies Gabriel “Gabe” Hidalgo is a managing director at K2 Intelligence. His bio can be found here. With recent announcements from the Financial Action Task Force about upcoming cryptocurrency regulation in 2019, increased money laundering penalties laid out in the EU’s Sixth Anti-Money Laundering Directive, and the … Read more
William J. Magnuson is an Associate Professor at Texas A&M University School of Law Recent advances in the field of artificial intelligence have revived long-standing debates about what happens when robots become smarter than humans. Will they destroy us? Will they put us all out of work? Will they lead to a world of techno-savvy haves and techno-ignorant … Read more
The Future of Work Needs Sound Retail Financial Services to Support it, and the Numbers Back it Up Usman Ahmed is the Head of Global Public Policy, PayPal. Ivy K. Lau is the Social Innovation Manager, PayPal The future of work debate has sparked a set of important conversations about how to change fundamental institutions like health … Read more
Elizabeth Jacobs is an attorney with the Securities and Exchange Commission Distributed ledger technology (DLT) has become something of a trope. It has been proposed as a currency, as a tool for “smart contracts,” for cheaper clearing and settlement, and as a governance mechanism for everything from data identifiers to actual human voting. Michele Finck’s new book, … Read more
Amias Gerety is a Partner with QED Investors Regtech has been more promise than reality so far, but success is possible for startups that appreciate complexity of banks and financial services—and the interplay of rules to which they are subject. Every large financial institution, and most small ones too, are committed to a digital … Read more
Patrick J. McCarty is the President of McCarty Financial LLC For all the talk that identifying virtual currencies as “securities” adds greater comfort and stability to financial rules, there is a very (very!) big problem, and one overlooked by market participants and scholars alike: Security Investor Protection Corporation (SIPC) insurance coverage does not cover virtual currency … Read more
By JP Schnapper-Casteras and Misha Guttentag The onset of the “crypto winter” has rekindled a fierce debate about the role of bitcoin and digital assets in monetary policy: opponents lambast them as a Ponzi scheme about-to-collapse and proponents promise they will replace government currencies entirely. The reality is that, at least in the short term, … Read more
Matt Swinehart is an attorney in Washington, DC The views expressed here are the author’s own and not necessarily the views of the United States government Two familiar tenets make up today’s conventional wisdom about fintech. The first tenet is that the financial services industry is undergoing nothing short of a revolution. The second tenet, … Read more
By Dr. Rosa Lastra and Dr. Jason Grant Allen Since the 1990s, the Internet has become the communications channel used for an increasing number of commercial and financial transactions, not least because it makes transacting across geographical distances quicker, easier, safer, and more affordable. Already in the 1990s, it became clear that the Internet was … Read more
Nydia Remolina is the Legal Advisor for Innovation, Grupo Bancolombia Intense competition for technological innovation is informing not only business strategies for participants in financial markets, but also regulatory policy in forward-looking jurisdictions seeking to raise their profile as fintech hubs. Importantly, this is not just a phenomenon impacting US and EU markets, but also … Read more
Sam Taussig is the Head of Global Policy, Kabbage, Inc. Two clear trends are transforming banking—and driving the next generation of regulatory policy. First, the adoption of data-intensive technologies have ushered in a wave of conveniences and services that have revolutionized personal finance, especially for millennials. Consumers under 40 expect friction-less service, mobile-native services, from mortgage applications to … Read more
Priya Aiyar is a partner at Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP One of the most significant regulatory developments of 2018 in the blockchain and virtual currency space is the SEC’s stepped-up scrutiny of digital token sales through “initial coin offerings.” Many of these ICOs involve what issuers and promoters regard as “utility tokens,” to be … Read more
Professors Douglas W. Arner, Ross P. Buckley and Dirk A. Zetzsche Commentators invariably observe that the World Bank’s 2018 Global Findex reveals that, as of 2017, 1.7 billion people lacked access to an account with a financial institution or mobile money provider, representing some 31 percent of the world’s total population of 7.6 billion. However, what is … Read more
Jai Massari and Trevor Kiviat are attorneys with Davis Polk. Chris Brummer is a Georgetown law professor Any time spates of fraud and abuse disproportionately involve any particular kind of financial product, advocates for the investing public naturally assume that more regulation is necessary—especially when it comes to disclosure—in order to restore market integrity. Whether following … Read more
Patrick McCarty is a former regulator and CEO of McCarty Financial LLC On November 8, 2018 the SEC fired what might be characterized as “the shot heard round the Cryptocurrency Exchange world” in publishing the EtherDelta Settlement. This Settlement Order, which fined Zachary Coburn – the founder of EtherDelta, a small cryptocurrency trading platform … Read more
Jelena Madir is Chief Counsel, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development Crowdfunding is routinely hailed as part of the Fintech “revolution” – the disintermediation of finance by ever-greater use of technology, and as a way to, at last, provide enough financing for SMEs and early-stage businesses in the economy. Indeed, the European Commission itself has … Read more
Summary: Regulatory Action in Crypto is Fragmented–and Facing Increasing Legislative Interest J.C. Boggs, Jennifer DePalma, Matt Hanson and Ana Buling are attorneys in King & Spalding’s FinTech, Blockchain and Cryptocurrency practice In its latest effort to provide clarity for digital asset markets, the Securities and Exchange Commission announced plans earlier this month to release a … Read more
Maria Adamjee is CEO of Megalodon Capital While The terms “Alternative Data” and “Alpha”—the industry equivalent of “dude” or bro”—are ubiquitously peppering Financial Markets discussions as fund managers seek differentiators in a highly competitive hedge fund market. Rarely does one encounter investment or trading content that can resist flaunting the term—but in practice, leveraging Alternative Data, … Read more
Aurelio Gurrea Martínez is an Assistant Professor of Law at Singapore Management University While many securities regulators are still debating whether and, if so, how to regulate Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs), this new source of finance keeps growing worldwide. In 2017, companies raised around 3.7$ billion. In the first three quarters of 2018, this figure … Read more
Chris Brummer is a law professor at Georgetown University Law Center Much ado has been made of the challenges the United States faces when it comes to regulating cryptocurrencies: the split authority of the SEC and CFTC, the ad hoc application of legal tests (most notably, the Howey test) to determine whether or not new financial products fall … Read more
Priya Aiyar, former acting general counsel of the Treasury Department, is a partner at Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP Regulating cryptocurrencies today poses many of the same questions that regulation of the internet posed in the 1990s. Is it a matter of applying existing regulation to new facts, or coming up with a new body … Read more
The Paths to Crypto Asset Regulation and Innovation Sagar Sarbhai is Head of Regulatory Relations for APAC and the Middle East, Ripple ; Ryan Zagone is Director of Regulatory Relations, Ripple Regulatory certainty is a critical prerequisite and catalyst for technology adoption in financial services. Certainty makes clear the rules of the road and spurs investment … Read more
Systemically Important Cryptocurrency Networks Tim Swanson is the founder of Post Oak Labs. For self-serving reasons there has been an enormous amount of revisionism that Satoshi built Bitcoin in direct response to the Great Financial Crisis. But Satoshi explained that the coding for it began in mid-2007, which was months before any of the now … Read more
Flash Courses on Critical Issues
Chatbots and Ethics (Part 2) Mayer Brown’s Alex Lakatos provides for fintechpolicy.org viewers an overview of some of the ethical issues arising from the deployment of chatbots and AI. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zuq9HitH6CI&feature=youtu.be
Chatbots and Ethics (Part I) Mayer Brown’s Alex Lakatos provides for fintechpolicy.org viewers an overview of some of the ethical issues arising from the deployment of chatbots and AI. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bFW59G2wRQo&feature=youtu.be
AI and Ethics for Fintechs: Legislated Ethics (Pt. 1) Mayer Brown’s Alex Lakatos provides for fintechpolicy.org viewers an overview of some of the legal rules and frameworks concerning AI . https://youtu.be/wVs9AIr7Rd4
AI and Ethics for Fintechs: Legislated Ethics (Pt. 1) Mayer Brown’s Alex Lakatos provides for fintechpolicy.org viewers an overview of some of the legal rules and frameworks concerning AI . https://youtu.be/PiE3BVgrfNE
AI Principles versus (Existing) Fintech Principles Following his discussion of ethical issues unique to AI, Mayer Brown’s Alex Lakatos compares AI principles to existing fintech principles and industry frameworks. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=74QD4IOhNuw&feature=youtu.be
Ethical Issues Unique to Artificial Intelligence Mayer Brown’s Alex Lakatos explains to fintechpolicy.org viewers the unique ethics issues relevant to Artificial Intelligence. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=74QD4IOhNuw&feature=youtu.be
Can a Security Become a Commodity? WilmerHale’s Petal Walker tackles one of the thorniest issues in fintech law and explains to fintechpolicy.org viewers whether, and under what conditions, a security can become a commodity. https://youtu.be/cy3VDQo0kpU
Ethical Principles Relevant to AI Mayer Brown Partner Alex Lakatos outlines what basic principles increasingly apply to AI–regardless of the specific context in which a robot or machine may operate.
How are Ethical Codes of Conduct Enforced in AI? (Pt. 2) In Part 2 of his analysis on ethical codes of conduct, Mayer Brown’s Alex Lakatos outlines possible methods for enforcing ethical codes of conduct in AI, and the three principal challenges hampering the development of such codes in the sector. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8JmmIwN3GDw&t=5s
How are Ethical Codes of Conduct Traditionally Enforced? (Pt. 1) Mayer Brown’s Alex Lakatos provides an overview as to how ethical codes of conduct are generally enforced over regulatory, legislative, market and trade associations and guilds and cultural expectations. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GkiRLRkUDKo
Roboethics vs. Machine Ethics Mayer Brown partner Alex Lakatos provides an overview and definition of the two major branches of ethics in the field of artificial intelligence: Roboethics and Machine Ethics.
AI and ethics for Fintechs (ep. 1): Introduction Mayer Brown partner Alex Lakatos begins an explanation of how fintech’s deployment of artificial intelligence challenges traditional legal ethics–posing new conundrums for practitioners, regulators and in-house counsel alike.
Which Virtual Currencies are Commodities? The Landmark Case CFTC vs. My Big Coin Pay In the extremely important and recent case, CFTC vs. My Big Coin Pay, a federal court ruled that My Big Coin is a virtual currency meeting the definition of a commodity, despite the absence of a futures contracts and other derivatives … Read more
How International Financial Regulation Impacts Fintech (Pt. 1) Regulators develop rules for fintech internationally, as well as domestically. In this lecture for fintechpolicy.org, Professor Chris Brummer explains the process by which rules are devised, and the major actors. https://youtu.be/eDk0mpPitDg
Enforcement and Surveillance
ICOs, Token Sales, Crowdsales Tracker: a curated list of ongoing and upcoming token sales, sometimes referred to as ICOs (initial coin offerings) and crowdsales.
In the Matter of BTC Trading, Corp and Ethan Burnside, (June 2014), Securities Act of 1933 (Release No. 9685) (Dec. 8, 2014), Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 (Release No. 73783) (Dec. 8, 2014), Admin Proceeding File No. 3-16307. (Unregistered Securities Offering, Operating an Unregistered Securities Exchange and Unregistered Broker Dealer)
Securities and Exchange Commission v. Jon T. Montroll and BitFunder, Inc. (US District Court for Southern District of New York) (February 2018) (Sale of unregistered securities, operating an unregistered securities exchange, misappropriating customer bitcoin and failing to inform investors of cyber attacks.)
Securities and Exchange Commission v. Trendon T. Shavers and Bitcoin Savings & Trust (US District Court Eastern District of Texas) (July 23, 2013) (Ponzi Scheme – Bitcoin Based Investments offered and old investors paid with new investor bitcoin)
In the Matter of Munchee, Inc. (Dec. 11, 2107), 1933 Act Release No. 10445, Admin. Proceeding File No. 3-18304 (Offering unregistered securities to the public – Munchee Phone App for Restaurants – MUN coin).
Consumer Protection Bureau’s Project Catalyst: Portal designed for entrepreneurs to pitch ideas for consumer-friendly innovation.
European Commission’s Fintech Portal: On this site, the EU defines Fintech, and lays out its action plan.
InvestHK: Hong Kong SAR’s website showcasing financial innovations and startups in the region.
LabCFTC: the focal point for the CFTC’s efforts to promote responsible financial technology (FinTech) innovation and fair competition for the benefit of the American public. LabCFTC is designed to be the hub for the agency’s engagement with the FinTech innovation community.
MAS Regulatory Sandbox: Read updates on Singapore’s regulatory sandbox, widely considered one of the most ambitious in the world.
OCC Responsible Innovation: go here to see the latest updates from the OCC on their mission to support responsible innovation of new or improved financial products, services and processes.
U.K. Financial Conduct Authorities Project Innovate: Explore the various initiatives
ongoing in the U.K. to support financial services innovation, including information on the
FCA’s regulatory sandbox.
Multilateral Standard Setters and Rulemakers
Basel Committee Report on Sound Practices: implications of fintech developments for banks and bank supervisors.
Basel Committee Report on Regulating cryptocurrencies: assessing market reactions. Financial Stability Board report on Monitoring of FinTech: a compendium of documents produced by body related to fintech.
IOSCO Research Report on Financial Technologies (Fintech): An overview of the organization’s insights as to the risks, benefits and dimensions of fintech.
The American Banker Podcast: Informed discussions from the magazine about ideas and developments in banking and financial services.How High Frequency Trading Works, Trading Speed, and the Flash Crash
Breaking Banks: One of the top international podcasts covering a wide range of fintech
Fintech Insider: a tri-weekly podcast dedicated to all things fintech, banking and financial services.
Lend Academy’s Lending and Fintech Podcast: Interviews with fintech leaders about what is happening in online banking and peer to peer (p2p) lending firms.
Unchained: Conversations with industry pioneers across tech, financial services, health care, government and other sectors about how the blockchain and cryptocurrency will open up new opportunities for incumbents, startups and everyday people to interact more efficiently, directly and globally.